Bipolar disorders can be referred to brain disorders that cause unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, restlessness and irritability. Experts believe that bipolar disorders may be caused by many factors. Some assume that it can be the result of chemical imbalance in the brain. Bipolar disorder has also been thought to be caused by genetics i.e., a person has a high risk of the condition if their family has a history of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder, in general can be classified under two types. The first, bipolar I is often defined by manic or mixed episodes that can last for a week or so. The second kind, bipolar II is quite different to bipolar I and is defined by episodes of mild depression a less severe manic episode called as hypomania.
One of the biggest risk factors of bipolar disorder is substance abuse. People with mixed episodes have the higher chances of experiencing it as they will often do anything to force the mixed emotions to stop. For instance, there are some drugs that can help in relieving the symptoms of an episode but can cause more problems later on.
In addition, the person who used drugs to relieve themselves may sometimes suffer from psychotic symptoms ranging from delusions to behaving wildly. This can also be considered another of the risk factors of bipolar disorder and it is advised that people associated with the patients should help and assist them in offering appropriate treatment as soon as possible.
Even though there is still not a definite cure for bipolar disorder there are some ways that can treat the symptoms and prevent episodes. Some of the most commonly followed treatment procedures include counseling, cognitive therapy, family therapy, medications, and lithium. However, a proper consultation with a licensed doctor is essential when choosing to take any form of medications or prescriptions.